5 Healthy Habits May Offer Years Free of Chronic Diseases

Study Shows Strong Evidence Following Healthy Lifestyle Substantially Extend the Years a Person Lives Disease-free Middle-age may increase years lived free of Type 2...

5 Healthy Habits May Offer Years Free of Chronic Diseases
09January
5 Healthy Habits May Offer Years Free of Chronic Diseases
09January

5 Healthy Habits May Offer Years Free of Chronic Diseases

Written by Family First Adolescent Services
in Section Health and Wellness

Study Shows Strong Evidence Following Healthy Lifestyle Substantially Extend the Years a Person Lives Disease-free

Middle-age may increase years lived free of Type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer, according to a new study led by Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.

“Previous studies have found that following a healthy lifestyle improves overall life expectancy and reduces risk of chronic diseases such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer, but few studies have looked at the effects of lifestyle factors on life expectancy free from such diseases,” said first author Yanping Li, senior research scientist in the Department of Nutrition.

The study was published online Wednesday in BMJ. It is a follow-up and extension of a 2018 study, which found that following these habits increased overall life expectancy.

Read the original post published on The Harvard Gazette on January 9th, 2020 and written by Amy Roeder.

“This study provides strong evidence that following a healthy lifestyle can substantially extend the years a person lives disease-free.”

The researchers looked at 34 years of data from 73,196 women and 28 years of data from 38,366 men participating in, respectively, the Nurses’ Health Study and the Health Professionals Follow-up Study.

Healthy diet was defined as a high score on the Alternate Healthy Eating Index; regular exercise as at least 30 minutes per day of moderate to vigorous activity; healthy weight as a body mass index of 18.5-24.9 kg/m2; and moderate alcohol intake as up to one serving per day for women and up to two for men.

They found that women who practiced four or five of the healthy habits at age 50 lived an average of 34.4 more years free of diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, and cancer, compared to 23.7 healthy years among women who practiced none of these healthy habits.

Men practicing four or five healthy habits at age 50 lived 31.1 years free of chronic disease, compared to 23.5 years among men who practiced none. Men who were current heavy smokers, and men and women with obesity, had the lowest disease-free life expectancy.

“Given the high cost of chronic disease treatment, public policies to promote a healthy lifestyle by improving food and physical environments would help to reduce health care costs and improve quality of life,” said senior author Frank Hu, Fredrick J. Stare Professor of Nutrition and Epidemiology and chair, Department of Nutrition.

Other Harvard Chan School study authors included Dong Wang, Klodian Dhana, Xiaoran Liu, Mingyang Song, Gang Liu, Qi Sun, Laila Al-Shaar, Molin Wang, Eric B. Rimm, Ellen Hertzmark, Meir J. Stampfer, and Walter C. Willett.

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